Two table-top mountain frogs discovered in Venezuela
Me when someone asks about my pets
Me when I say I keep reptiles and they say something insulting based off myths or ignorance
Pac-Man Frog (Ceratophrys ornata)
- Pac-Man frogs come in a variety of color forms and are known by many common names (Argentine horned frogs, ornate horned frogs, horned frogs)
- Due to their forgiving nature, ease of care, and the availability of captive-bred specimens, Pac-Man frogs make great pets. However this species is a “showpiece” and should not be handled so it is not the best pet for everyone
- These frogs can reach adult size in one to one and a half years. Adult males are smaller (2½ inches to 4 inches in length depending on the species) than female Pac-Man frogs, which can reach lengths of 4 inches to 7 inches
- Under optimal conditions, Pac-Man frogs can live approximately 15 years in a captive environment
- Pac-Man frogs are sit-and-wait predators. They spend the majority of their time burrowed into the substrate with their eyes (and horns in some species) above the substrate
- One quality that sets Pac-Man frogs apart from other frogs is their voracious appetite. A staple of crickets and/or roaches is best, but they can also eat fish, worms and even small mice
- Pac-Man frogs have teeth, and large Pac-Man frogs can and will draw blood if you stick your hand in front of them. As with all frogs, handling should occur only when absolutely necessary, as their skin is very sensitive
- When their substrate dries out and/or food is scarce, the Pac-Man will encase itself in a tough outer skin to protect it from drying out. They won’t move and they look like they are dead. Once rehydrated, however, they will shed this outer skin (and eat it!)
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Awe i miss my lil’ TuPac.
Tuatara (Sphenodon punctatus)
- The tuatara is famous because it is the only survivor of an ancient group of reptiles that roamed the earth at the same time as dinosaurs
- It hasn’t changed much in over 225 million years. The relatives of the tuatara died out about 60 million years ago which is why the tuatara is called a ‘living fossil’
- Like bearded dragons and some other lizard species the Tuatara has a parietal eye. This is a specialized scale on the top of the head which detects change in light, allowing for escape from predators such as birds
- This species survived in New Zealand for over 100 million years but rats and people drove them to extinction there
- Today they live in well defended burrows on only 37 off-shore islands and mainland islands like the Karori Sanctuary
- The total tuatara population on all these islands is estimated to be between 50,000 and 100,000
- There are two species. (Sphenodon punctatus) is the Cook Strait tuatara which live on Stephen’s Island in the Marlborough Sounds and the Brother’s Island tuatara (Sphenodon guntheri). There are much fewer of the second species. They are slightly smaller than the other tuatara and lived ONLY in a patch of scrub on the top of tiny North Brother Island in the Marlborough Sounds.
- The Northern tuatara, (Sphenodon punctatus punctatus), is a sub-species which live on offshore islands around the north of the North Island
- Tuataras can live to be over 100 years old and grow very slowly (they only stop growing at 35 years old)
- The color of tuatara ranges from olive green to brown to orange-red, and they can change color over their lifetime
- They can hold their breath for an hour
- They shed their skin once a year
- This species is not actually defined as a lizard
- Male tuataras are bigger than the female and have a more prominent crest of spines along its back. They both become sexually mature when they are 15 to 20 years old
- A female will be ready to mate only once every two to five years
- The male will sit outside her burrow and wait. If she is interested they will mate and 8 or 9 months later she will lay and bury 6 to10 eggs in a sunny place. 11 to16 months later the baby tuatara will hatch.
- Like many reptiles which lay eggs in a nest; temperature decides which sex the eggs will become. The warmer the soil, the greater chance for males.
- Scientists at Victoria University found that at 22° C, 80% of tuatara incubated would hatch into males, at 20° C, 80% were likely to be females and at 18° C, all the tuatara hatched were female.
- If global warming continues all Tuatara eggs will be males and the entire beautiful species will go extinct
I do not own these images or this information